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|Physical Address:||Brazil Cricket Association, Rua Bálsamo, Casa 5, Condominio Verde, Avenida do Sol, SHJB, Brasilia - DF,CEP: 71680-608, Brazil|
|Main switchboard||+ 55 61 3427 0223|
|General enquiry email:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
Cricket in Brazil began in the mid-1800s in Rio de Janeiro, during a period when a substantial portion of the city's population was British or of British descent. By the early 1860s, a number of cricket clubs were in operation, including the British CC, Artisan Amateurs CC, Rio British CC, Anglo-Brazilian CC and the British and American Club, although its playing facilities were limited to makeshift open spaces. Interestingly, Rio's Brazilian residents at the time had little or no interest in sport of any kind.
Beginning in 1860, as part of a much-needed beautification programme for the city, Emperor Dom Pedro II created several new parks, including a large grassed area in front of his daughter Princess Isabel's house, on Rua Paysandu in the Laranjeiras district. Due to good relations between the British community and the Brazilian monarchy, this space eventually became the country's first proper cricket ground, and hosted cricket, tennis and bowls matches for many years. Princess Isabel and her father were frequent spectators, and often called upon to present trophies to the winners.
In 1872, George Cox formed the Rio Cricket Club, which soon began using the field as its home. In the early 1880s, George's son Oscar organized Brazil's first football games on this same ground. In 1889, Brazil became a Republic and Princess Isabel was forced to move from her residence. The cricket ground was taken over by the new government, and although the sport was allowed to continue for a time, a permanent facility was now required. In 1897, the newly renamed Rio Cricket and Athletic Association purchased a large property in Niterói, on the other side of Guanabara Bay. A cricket ground was built and hosted its first match on June 19, 1898. Cricket would continue to be played on this ground for the next 97 years. As the local British population declined steadily through the 1970s and 1980s, however, cricket at the club faded away, and today the Rio Cricket ground is used exclusively for football.
During those early days of cricket in Rio de Janeiro, the sport was also springing up at British sports clubs elsewhere in the country, including: the São Paulo Athletic Club in São Paulo (founded in 1888); the Santos Athletic Club in São Paulo (1899); Clube Internacional de Cricket and Club de Cricket Victoria, both in Salvador, Bahia (both founded in 1899); and the British Country Club in Recife, Pernambuco (1920). Teams and grounds were also created at the British-owned Morro Velho mine just outside of Belo Horizonte in Minas Gerais (1887), and at the Frigorífico Anglo plant in Barretos, São Paulo (1913), where cricket was played until the mid-1990s. Cricket was also played at the Fazenda dos Ingleses in Caraguatuba, on the coast of São Paulo, from 1927 until the Second World War.
It was in São Paulo, however, where the sport really took hold, and the São Paulo Athletic Club (SPAC) remains the country's centre of cricket to this day. In 1894, Charles Miller, the Brazilian-born son of British parents, returned from his studies in England with a football and some cricket equipment, which he immediately used to introduce these sports to the locals. In 1888, the São Paulo Athletic Club was formed, and Charles was a key member, organizing São Paulo's first football and cricket matches at the club's ground in the Consolação district. Football, as we all know, soon caught on, and Charles is known throughout the country as the father of Brazilian football. From 1928 to 1947 the club's cricket matches were held at a ground in Pirituba, before moving to the current site in Veleiros (Santo Amaro), which also houses a collection of Brazilian cricket memorabilia.
In 1922, the Brazil Cricket Association was formed, with R.A. Brooking as its first President. The member clubs were Rio Cricket, the Pernambuco Athletic Club, Santos Athletic Club, São Paulo Athletic Club and the Paysandu Cricket Club. The BCA helped continue the series of matches that had been held between these clubs for many years, as well as interstate and international games. In fact, matches between São Paulo and Rio began in 1878 and continued regularly until 1995.
As cricket in Rio de Janeiro faded from the scene, it was left to São Paulo at the SPAC ground to carry the torch until 1989, when the Brasília Cricket Club was created. The Associação Brasiliense de Cricket was later formed in 2005. The Paraná Cricket Association came into being in 1999, spurred on in part when British bank HSBC built a cricket ground at its staff sports facility, which is now home to men's teams and national T20 tournaments. The most recent development has been the reemergence of cricket in Rio de Janeiro, where the Carioca Cricket Club was formed in 2011.
At the national level, the Associação Brasiliera de Cricket (ABC) was founded in 2001, and Brazil became an Affiliate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2003. The ABC's continuing goal is to grow the sport throughout the country, particularly among Brazilians themselves.
Matches between Brazil and Argentina began in 1888, while Rio Cricket began a series of matches with Clube Atlético River Plate from Montevideo, Uruguay in 1902. The old Brazil Cricket Association continued to stage matches with Argentina for many years, with Charles Miller playing for the Brazil team until the 1920s. Brazil also hosted the New Zealand XI in the mid-1970s.
With the creation of the South American Championships (SAC) in 1995, Brazilian cricket entered its modern era. The national team has since participated in all SACs, hosting the event for the first time in April 2009 (SAC8). In other non-ICC international matches, Brazil has hosted the Chilean team twice (2000 and 2003), the Mexican team once (2009), and the MCC twice (1978 and 2007).
In 2006, Brazil qualified to join the Pepsi ICC World Cricket League - a pathway to the ICC Cricket World Cup. Brazil competed in the inaugural ICC Americas Division 3 tournament in Suriname in 2006, as well as in Buenos Aires in 2008 and Santiago in 2009.
Brazil won its first ICC tournament at the Americas Division 3 championship in Santiago, Chile in October 2009 after winning all of its matches there. As a result , Brazil was promoted to Division 2 of the Americas WCL. Its first participation in Division 2 in the Bahamas in February 2010 resulted in four losses and a return to Division 3.
Prior to joining the ICC, the mens national team generally consisted of expatriates, but this has changed. In recent years, the number of Brazilian cricketers representing their country has steadily increased. The winning Brazil squad in Santiago, for example, included six Brazilian-born players. Brazilians now consistently account for half of the national squad.
The Brazil national league is made up of four state teams which compete for the Brasil T20 Cup - Distrito Federal, São Paulo, Paraná and Rio de Janeiro. There are also competitions within the major cities of Brasília (Don Snooks Memorial Shield), Curitiba (Lagaan Cup), São Paulo (São Paulo Cup) and Rio (Carioca Cup).
São Paulo is generally regarded as the strongest region and this is demonstrated in the number of times the Paulistas have won the national competition.
Since the success of the University of Brasília PE cricket course, women's cricket has grown steadily in Brasilia. The Calangas compete in the Brasilia men's competition., and have played in the national T20 competition on a few occasions.
Internationally, In 2007, there was a three-match series in Curitiba against an Argentina Womens XI. In 2009 and 2012, the Brazil team visited Buenos Aires to play Argentina. The Women's South American Championship (WSAC) , made up of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Peru, began in 2010 in Chile, then Brasília hosted WSAC 2 in 2011, while WSAC 3 was held in Buenos Aires.
The women's team has played twice in the ICC Americas Women's Championship: in Miami in 2009, and in the Cayman Islands in 2012. While unable to win any matches, the team was very competitive in most matches.
With Brazil's entry into the ICC came the creation of junior development programmes in Brasília, São Paulo, Rio and Curitiba. More recently, development has centred on the inland city of Poços de Caldas in São Paulo state.
In Brasília, a big breakthrough came when cricket was offered as an accredited PE course at the national University of Brasília (UnB). This led to the formation of the Candangos team, made up wholly of Brazilians. It also created interest amongst female students and resulted in the beginnings of women's cricket in Brasilia.
In Sao Paulo, progress is being made through a working relationship between with SPAC (the Sao Paulo Athletic Club). Enthusiastic people are in place to develop children's cricket further in some public schools in Sao Paulo.
In Curitiba the focus has been on teaching children aged 8-12. The Associaçao Brasileira de Cricket employed a local junior development officer/coach for three years, and the success of the programme, which works with about 300 kids at four schools, was recognized by the ICC through the Volunteer of the Year Award presented to Norman Baldwin and to the programme itself for Best Junior Development Programme. This ongoing programme provided the platform for a very successful U13s tournament held in July 2009 in Curitiba, played between Argentina, the eventual winners, Chile and Brazil.
To help ensure the continuity and raise the level of the games, coaching, umpiring and scoring courses are being run throughout the year in the four main cricket centre, conducted by the coaches and umpires who have received ICC training.
In terms of facilities Brazil is always improving. In Curitiba, the HSBC ground is very scenic and has a portable practic enet, but is too small for ICC tournaments. The SPAC ground in São Paulo features the Charles Miller Field and has a club-house rich in cricket history. Brasília plays its matches at both Clube Nipo, where two practice nets are located, and on the Esplanada, a huge expanse of open space in the centre of the city. In Rio, matches are played on a portable pitch at the charming São Fernando polo facility in Itaguai, a one- hour drive from Copacabana beach.