Anti-Corruption overview

Sir Ronnie Flanagan
Sir Ronnie Flanagan

In 2000 cricket suffered a very public corruption crisis arising out of the Hansie Cronje, Mohammed Azharuddin and Salim Malik affairs. Decisive action was called for in the wake of this, which led to the establishment of the ICC’s Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU). Detailed anti-corruption rules have been put in place through the ICC’s Anti-Corruption Code (the Code) and the Minimum Standards for Players’ and Match Officials’ Areas (the PMOA Minimum Standards).

ICC ACU Vision

The ICC ACU’s vision is: ‘KEEP CRICKET CLEAN’ and to provide a coordinated and effective capability to protect all cricket played under the auspices of the ICC and its Members from corruption. The following five principles underpin all the measures being taken to protect cricket from corruption:
• Effective partnerships
• Enhanced information gathering and analytical capability
• Improved coordination and communication
• Consistent prevention and education
• Proactive investigation and prosecution

Cricket is said by many to be a world leader in the fight against corruption in sports. It needs to remain so. The ICC ACU has emerged as the focal point for all anti-corruption activities in International and Domestic Cricket and works closely with the various Domestic Anti-Corruption Units. The ICC ACU i2 database now functions as the Central Information Hub for all intelligence gathered by the ICC ACU and the Domestic Units. The ICC ACU has developed robust Standard Operating Procedures (SOP’s) in order to ensure professionalism, transparency and uniformity in its work. Despite all our efforts within cricket to tackle the risk of corruption to the game, it is clear that the risk persists and will continue to be a major threat to the integrity of the sport. It is for these reasons that the ICC's Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU) continues to pursue the strategy of:
• Prevention
• Disruption
• Investigation
• Prosecution


Sir Ronnie Flanagan, one of the United Kingdom's most senior former policemen, is the Chairman of the ICC Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU) and the day-to-day operational responsibility rests with the General Manager. Allegations of corrupt activity are probed thoroughly by the Unit's Investigators, sometimes with the assistance of Law Enforcement Officers. Their efforts are effectively supported by the Central Information Hub based in Dubai. As part of the Prevention process, players, support staff, officials, etc., go through the ACU education / awareness programme where they are given insights into the methodologies used by corruptors, the various forms of possible manipulation of the game, the consequences of being involved in such activity and what to do if approached. Provisions of the ICC Anti-Corruption Code and the PMOA Minimum Standards are also explained in detail.

The seven Anti-Corruption Managers (ACMs) coordinate the ACU's prevention measures with active assistance provided by the Dubai based office. These experienced law enforcement professionals are present at international matches to collect information / intelligence and to ensure that the Minimum Standards are enforced at all venues.