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Rohit Sharma – World Record Breaker

The first man to score two ODI double hundreds also owns the record for the highest total in 50-over international cricket
Much like he has throughout his short career, Ajinkya Rahane had been making the most of his limited opportunities at the top of the order in One-Day International cricket, and had already forged a successful and consistent opening partnership with Shikhar Dhawan in Rohit Sharma's injury-forced absence. And so, naturally, Rohit's place as opener in ODI cricket was no longer secure. He had to make an impact to regain the faith of the selectors and the captain, and make the place his own. He had the opportunity on Thursday (November 13) when India opted rest Dhawan in the fourth ODI against Sri Lanka, and Rohit made the most of it. 
Rohit came up with a mesmerising display of batting, the likes of which ODI cricket hasn't been witness to. Not only was he responsible for re-writing several pages in ODI cricket history, he also chose the grandest stage on offer in Indian cricket - the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. It was the 150th anniversary of the ground and Rohit chose the most special of occasions to tonk Sri Lanka's bowlers all across the park and leave the crowd transfixed on his way to becoming the first batsman to score two double centuries in ODI cricket. 
Here's a look at some of the records created on Thursday - 
 - Rohit's 264 is now the highest individual score in ODI cricket. The previous record, also held by an Indian, belonged to Virender Sehwag, who struck 219 against West Indies on December 8, 2011 in Indore. 
 - By virtue of this knock, Rohit became the first man in history to score two double centuries in ODI cricket. Sachin Tendulkar (against South Africa in 2010) and Sehwag have both achieved the feat once.   
 - This was also the highest score in ODI cricket - men and women. The previous record was held by Australia's Belinda Clark, who scored an unbeaten 229 against Denmark in Mumbai on December 16, 1997. 
 - This is the second highest score in any List A match, worldwide. The record is held by Ali Brown, who scored 268 for Surrey against Glamorgan at The Oval in 2002.
 -  Rohit struck an astounding 33 fours and nine sixes during the course of his knock - a total of 186 runs in boundaries, also an ODI world record. Shane Watson's 150 runs in boundaries for Australia, against Bangladesh in Mirpur in 2011 was the previous highest. In addition to that, the 33-four tally also surpassed the ODI record for the highest number of fours in an innings. 25 was the previous highest - a record jointly held by Tendulkar and Sehwag.  

Here is a look at the progression of the record - 
5 Jan 1971 John Edrich 82
24 Aug 1972 Dennis Amiss    103
7 Sep 1973   Roy Fredericks  105
31 Aug 1974    David Lloyd  116*
7 Jun 1975   Glenn Turner 171*
18 Jun 1983   Kapil Dev 183*
31 May 1984  Viv Richards 189*
21 May 1997 Saeed Anwar 194
16 Aug 2009  Charles Coventry 194*
24 Feb 2010 Sachin Tendulkar 200*
8 Dec 2011 Virender Sehwag 219
13 Nov 2014 Rohit Sharma 264

John Edrich's 82, in the first-ever ODI, was the highest score. It was then broken by DL Amiss, who made the first hundred in 50-over cricket - 103 on debut against Australia on August 24, 1972. Roy Fredericks broke that record inside a year with his 105, which was then broken by David Lloyd's 116 not out against Pakistan a year later in 1974. 
Sachin Tendulkar became the first batsman in history to score an ODI double century, a feat he achieved in 2010 against South Africa in Gwalior. Virender Sehwag broke that record with 219 against West Indies in Indore. 
Before Tendulkar, Saeed Anwar held the record from 1997 to 2009 until Charles Coventry equalled him. 
Glenn Turner of New Zealand owned the record with his 171* against East Africa for 8 years, between 1975 and 1983, when Kapil Dev made 175* against Zimbabwe. Vivian Richards held the record for 12 years, from 31 May 1984 to 21 May 1997, before Anwar's 194 against India in Chennai put him on top of the table.
With ODI cricket, especially batting, having evolved over the years, it remains to be seen how long Rohit's record stands. 

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