The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body for international cricket, encompassing men's, women's and youth participation and competition. It is governed by the ICC Constitution.
It is responsible for the administration of men's and women's cricket including the management of playing conditions and officials for Test Match and One-Day International (ODI) cricket and the staging of international cricket events for men, women and juniors.
It has two Membership categories which are as follows:
Full Members are the governing bodies for cricket of a country recognised by the ICC, or nations associated for cricket purposes, or a geographical area, from which representative teams are qualified to play official Test matches (12 Members).
Associate Members are the governing bodies for cricket of a country recognised by the ICC, or countries associated for cricket purposes, or a geographical area, which does not qualify as a Full Member, but where cricket is firmly established and organised (92 Members).
At the ICC Annual Conference 2017 in London, Afghanistan and Ireland were accepted as Full Members. USA were expelled as a Member of the ICC and Falkland Islands and Nepal are still currently suspended. Affiliate Membership has now been removed leaving only Full and Associate Members, with all previously categorised Affiliate Members becoming Associate Members.